Sharedlatex-tests / rtex.texOpen in CoCalc
\documentclass{article}\usepackage[]{graphicx}\usepackage[]{color}
%% maxwidth is the original width if it is less than linewidth
%% otherwise use linewidth (to make sure the graphics do not exceed the margin)
\makeatletter
\def\maxwidth{ %
  \ifdim\[email protected]@width>\linewidth
    \linewidth
  \else
    \[email protected]@width
  \fi
}
\makeatother

\definecolor{fgcolor}{rgb}{0.345, 0.345, 0.345}
\newcommand{\hlnum}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.686,0.059,0.569}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlstr}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.192,0.494,0.8}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlcom}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.678,0.584,0.686}{\textit{#1}}}%
\newcommand{\hlopt}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0,0,0}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlstd}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.345,0.345,0.345}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlkwa}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.161,0.373,0.58}{\textbf{#1}}}%
\newcommand{\hlkwb}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.69,0.353,0.396}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlkwc}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.333,0.667,0.333}{#1}}%
\newcommand{\hlkwd}[1]{\textcolor[rgb]{0.737,0.353,0.396}{\textbf{#1}}}%
\let\hlipl\hlkwb

\usepackage{framed}
\makeatletter
\newenvironment{kframe}{%
 \def\[email protected]@[email protected]{}%
 \ifinner\ifhmode%
  \def\[email protected]@[email protected]{\end{minipage}}%
  \begin{minipage}{\columnwidth}%
 \fi\fi%
 \def\FrameCommand##1{\hskip\@totalleftmargin \hskip-\fboxsep
 \colorbox{shadecolor}{##1}\hskip-\fboxsep
     % There is no \\@totalrightmargin, so:
     \hskip-\linewidth \hskip-\@totalleftmargin \hskip\columnwidth}%
 \MakeFramed {\advance\hsize-\width
   \@totalleftmargin\[email protected] \linewidth\hsize
   \@setminipage}}%
 {\par\unskip\endMakeFramed%
 \[email protected]@[email protected]}
\makeatother

\definecolor{shadecolor}{rgb}{.97, .97, .97}
\definecolor{messagecolor}{rgb}{0, 0, 0}
\definecolor{warningcolor}{rgb}{1, 0, 1}
\definecolor{errorcolor}{rgb}{1, 0, 0}
\newenvironment{knitrout}{}{} % an empty environment to be redefined in TeX

\usepackage{alltt}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{url}
\usepackage{graphicx}

% this is based on https://github.com/yihui/knitr-examples/blob/master/005-latex.Rtex

%% for inline R code: if the inline code is not correctly parsed, you will see a message
\newcommand{\rinline}[1]{SOMETHING WRONG WITH knitr}



\IfFileExists{upquote.sty}{\usepackage{upquote}}{}
\begin{document}

\title{Rtex Knitr in CoCalc}

\author{Author Name}

\maketitle

Boring stuff as usual:

%% a chunk with default options
\begin{knitrout}
\definecolor{shadecolor}{rgb}{0.969, 0.969, 0.969}\color{fgcolor}\begin{kframe}
\begin{alltt}
 \hlnum{1}\hlopt{+}\hlnum{1}
\end{alltt}
\begin{verbatim}
## [1] 2
\end{verbatim}
\begin{alltt}
 \hlstd{x}\hlkwb{=}\hlkwd{rnorm}\hlstd{(}\hlnum{5}\hlstd{);} \hlkwd{t}\hlstd{(x)}
\end{alltt}
\begin{verbatim}
##           [,1]      [,2]      [,3]      [,4]      [,5]
## [1,] 0.2950348 0.6188449 -1.766488 0.7433172 -1.358912
\end{verbatim}
\end{kframe}
\end{knitrout}

For the cached chunk below, you will need to wait for 3 seconds for
the first time you compile this document, but it takes no time the
next time you run it again.

%% chunk options: cache this chunk
\begin{knitrout}
\definecolor{shadecolor}{rgb}{0.969, 0.969, 0.969}\color{fgcolor}\begin{kframe}
\begin{alltt}
 \hlkwd{set.seed}\hlstd{(}\hlnum{123}\hlstd{)}
 \hlstd{x} \hlkwb{=} \hlkwd{runif}\hlstd{(}\hlnum{10}\hlstd{)}
 \hlkwd{sd}\hlstd{(x)}  \hlcom{# standard deviation}
\end{alltt}
\begin{verbatim}
## [1] 0.29474
\end{verbatim}
\begin{alltt}
 \hlkwd{Sys.sleep}\hlstd{(}\hlnum{3}\hlstd{)} \hlcom{# test cache}
\end{alltt}
\end{kframe}
\end{knitrout}

Now we know the first element of x is 0.2875775.
And we also know the 26 letters are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
An expression that returns a value of length 0 will be removed from the output,  but it was indeed evaluated,
i.~e. now the first element of x becomes 2011.

How about figures? Let's use the Cairo PDF device (assumes R $\geq$ 2.14.0).

\begin{knitrout}
\definecolor{shadecolor}{rgb}{0.969, 0.969, 0.969}\color{fgcolor}\begin{kframe}
\begin{alltt}
\hlkwd{plot}\hlstd{(cars)} \hlcom{# a scatter plot}
\end{alltt}
\end{kframe}
\includegraphics[width=.8\textwidth]{figure/latex-cairo-scatter-1} 

\end{knitrout}

Warnings, messages and errors are preserved by default.

\begin{knitrout}
\definecolor{shadecolor}{rgb}{0.969, 0.969, 0.969}\color{fgcolor}\begin{kframe}
\begin{alltt}
\hlkwd{sqrt}\hlstd{(}\hlopt{-}\hlnum{1}\hlstd{)} \hlcom{# here is a warning!}
\end{alltt}


{\ttfamily\noindent\color{warningcolor}{\#\# Warning in sqrt(-1): NaNs produced}}\begin{verbatim}
## [1] NaN
\end{verbatim}
\begin{alltt}
\hlkwd{message}\hlstd{(}\hlstr{'this is a message you should know'}\hlstd{)}
\end{alltt}


{\ttfamily\noindent\itshape\color{messagecolor}{\#\# this is a message you should know}}\begin{alltt}
\hlnum{1}\hlopt{+}\hlstr{'a'}  \hlcom{# impossible}
\end{alltt}


{\ttfamily\noindent\bfseries\color{errorcolor}{\#\# Error in 1 + "{}a"{}: non-numeric argument to binary operator}}\end{kframe}
\end{knitrout}

\end{document}