The 24 items are constructed by factorial combination of four different frustrating situations (see
below), three possible verbally aggressive responses (curse, scold, shout), and two behavioural
models (want, do). The four situations are
S1: A bus fails to stop for me.
S2: I miss a train because a clerk gave me faulty information.
S3: The grocery store closes just as I am about to enter.
S4: The operator disconnects me when I used up my last 10 cents for a call.
Note that the first two situations are other-to-blame situations, and the latter two are self-to-blame
The subjects were 316 first-year psychology students from a university in the Dutch speaking part