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Author: William A. Stein
Diary of Nathan Maurer

# Diary of Nathan Maurer

William A. Stein

My grandfather, Nathan Maurer, told me that he would give me a million dollars if I typed the diary he wrote when he was a child growing up in New York City in the 1930s. I typed it, as you can see, and he gave me a million dollar hug.

Before showing you the diary, I'll show you two pictures of my grandfather. The first picture was taken in April 1945 Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany (Grandpa, Leis, and Livingood). My grandfather was part of the US force that swept through Germany in 1945. The second picture shows my grandfather, grandmother, and I on the day I was born.

Also, here are my great grandfather's 1915 citizenship papers.

### Thursday May 17, 1934; 5PM 147st Burgen Ave.

It is now that I begin to enter my life in a book of this size. It may seem funny to you that I, just a young boy of 16 years, 6 months, 7 days to write a book of his life. "How can he do such a thing when he is so young and hardly anything has happened during his life?" you might ask. But I answer I have done plenty of things which I want to write about and which is interesting to me. I want to express my doings, feelings, and thoughts as Hamlin Garland once did. He kept a diary about the age of 16 and so am I. Many biographies are written by men about another person's life, or a person writes an autobiography; but I am writing an autobiography of my early age and life. It doesn't cost me anything to do this. In fact, I enjoy doing it and I will enjoy reading it over and over. Writing about myself for my own good is what I like because in years to come I may improve. Some people like to talk about themselves. I mean "babble". But other people do not care about his life. But from what I am doing, you know now that I am doing it for my personal use.

Being my own editor, publisher, printer, author, I can write what I please and here you see what I please to write: Nathan Maurer, AUTHOR

To begin with I, like everybody, was born. I was born on Nov. 10, 1917, at 218 East 98 Street in a section called Yorkville (near Harlem) which is in Manhattan, which is in New York City, which is in N.Y. State, which is in ------- oh, well, you can figure out the rest (mapquest). The neighborhood was largely populated with Jewish people. Of course, I was born of Jewish parents. The World War was on. I was born during the midst of the war. My uncle, Max, was drafted into the war. At that time women were working on men's jobs. Some were driving horses and some were conductors on the street lines. It was the death of thousands of men, while it was the birth of me -- my beginning.

My relatives are listed as follows:
RelationshipNameBorn
Mother Ethel Jan 19, 1882
Father Morris Sept. 1882
BrotherPincus (Phil) July 13, 1908
Sister Sophie Aug 23, 1911
Sister Edith March 15, 1913
Brother Hyman August 9, 1915
Myself Nathan November 10, 1917

I will tell more of my family and other relatives later.

My parents tell me that when I was about one year old I used to sit by the window and try to get the moon which I thought was a ball. They all laughed at this, but what did I know then?

When I was about seven months old, I was taken to the wedding of Gussie (Pa's sister) to Aaron Borkan. Gussie is also a cousin to Aaron. I can not remember that wedding. About two years later I went to Esther's wedding to Jack Turer. Neither can I remember this wedding. In about 1922 I went to Max's wedding to Annie Haber! I also remember that wedding a little bit. I remember that I wore a white suit, that we took pictures of the family, and that when we went home I was very tired. I lied down on a bed and fell fast asleep.

Max, my uncle, was drafted into the war in 1918. But before he had a chance to be sent over, the war stopped and armistice was declared Nov. 11, 1918. I was one year and one day old then. Everybody says that when they heard the news, they all ran out into the streets and danced for joy.

My first memory is the wedding of Max. Another memory is the time when my mother left my brother, Abie, and I alone in the house. She went to get her teeth fixed. At first we played with rice, pretending that we had a stove. We also turned a chair over so as to make it a horse and we turned the wheels of the sewing machine to pretend that we were riding very fast. After a while we got to feel as if we were alone and we got scared of that. So we hid ourselves in a clothing closet. Any little noise frightened us. After ten minutes we heard someone at the door who we thought came to kidnap us. Then the person walked into the house and by the footsteps, we could tell that it was our mother.

Block parties used to be common on 98 Street (mapquest). But I could hardly remember them. No one who lived outside the street was allowed into the block.

Every year in November when it was election day there used to be fires in the streets. Every block had a gang who went to fight another gang to put out there fires. It was very dangerous to go out at night because the gangs collected bottles and threw them at their opponents. They also threw them from the roofs. A boy went out into the street with a helmet. Someone threw a bottle from the roof on the boy's head and the helmet split. Police cars rode the streets to keep peace and order. This happened every year.

When I was born, Mrs. Glashow, a neighbor, sad that when I grow up I would be very wild. She called me Nijenya "Bum". My Jewish name is Nejemya.

My brother, Abie, was born on March 9, 1920. He was named after ma's father who was killed in a synagogue in Austria. The murderers tried to brake down the synagogue.

I was named after a man who lived in 218 east 98 Street and who died before I was born. (mapquest)

I forgot to write that we moved to 215 east 98 Street (across the street) before Abie was born.

Very early in the morning of December 10, 1924 the family was awakened by noise in our house. Abie was frightened and began to scream. There was a doctor and a nurse in the house and Abie must have thought they came to see him.

### 5:30pm, in bed resting, June 28, 1934, Thursday

Frieda was born then.

I now have different thoughts in mind to write about.

During the summer months we used to sleep on the fire escape. One night I awoke and saw fire engines speeding down the block. The noise woke me up. Everybody in our family was awakened by the noise too. There was a fire in the Domestic Laundry near 2nd Ave.

It is so long since I lived in 98 St. that I cannot remember many things nor can I tell which happened before the other. The best thing to do is to write the events anyway.

At the stoop of the building there was a store rented by Mr. Coveno. It was a stove where washers were made. My first job was at that stove where I picked the washers out of a short of rubber.

Hyman and Abie also worked on it. We would usually get 30 cents each. But this job was only for a while.

Very often Pa and the family would go to Central Park by the reservoir. We sometimes went morning, noon and night.

Very often I would go to the playground on 101 street. One time in the summer Abie went with me. There we got on the merry-go-round and some big 16 year old boys turned it so fast. Later Abie and I went home feeling as if we would throw up. I fell asleep on the fire escape.

When I woke up the pump was opened down the street and a lot of children were enjoying themselves in the water. (They wore bathing suits.)

### August 15, 1934 3PM Wednesday in Bed

Tonsils:

When I had to get my tonsils cut out, ma told me that I was going to the country. But I was fooled.

Hebrew School:

Hymie and I used to go to Hebrew of the YMHA 92 street and Lexington avenue, on the old site.

Burn:

On January 1925 I was playing with a fire and my foot was burned. Pa carried me all the way to the hospital in the snow. I had to put on a salve in order that it should heal. I have a mark on my right foot just above my ankle.

1 tube set:

Pincus bought a tube set from Spinared. While my foot was healing I listened to the radio.

Moving Day:

### On August 23, 1926.

Just 8 years and a day ago we moved from Manhattan to the Bronx. That day was Sophie's birthday. We packed our things and the truck rode away with Pa, Hymy and Abie.

Every body else and me rode in a taxi. We took along our cat and it scratched me. When we got out of the taxi the cat ran away. All the kids were helping the moving men. Bernard Newman was one of them. Later in the day became our friend. At night Mutty Miller took a walk with us to 138 street. He didn't know how to back until he remembered the billiard sign on 37 street. He had been living on 136 street for about 1 or 2 years. (We knew him from 98 street.)

### Friday, 12 noon, august 24, 1934.

I am going to write my diary all over again, with some changes.

September 30, 1933 to Dec 31, 1935

### Saturday September 30, 1933

Today was Yom Kipper. Instead of fasting I feasted with cake. MMMMM

Did my homework in the afternoon

At night we had a party at our house and we made a small club.

### Sunday, October 1, 1933

Did some homework in the morning and then did odd things like fixing this book (original) to make a diary.

1PM Went to YMHA played in the gym.

2PM Went swimming. We were given swimming instructions.

4PM The Carlyle Club met but there wasn't enough members to make a meeting as we just spoke things over. I volunteered to be secretary for that day. At night Hy and I read the comics in Joe's house.

### Monday October 2, 1933

Milty called on me this morning and we went to school . After school I went home, ate, and then started my homework. At 6PM I ate supper, then finished my homework. Then at 10:30 I went to sleep.

### Tuesday, October 3, 1933

This morning I had a little time so I began to write this diary. Practically the same thing happened last yesterday.

### Wednesday, October 14, 1933

Nothing unusual today except that I went with Joseph Umansky, a school friend, to get a harmonica on 138 street. I did my homework while Abie dictated. Then we went skating. We took Sophie's skates and our own.

We decided to go to Morris High School and I suggested that we visit my annex, too. On the way I lost a screw from my skates. I rode on one skate. After we got to the school, we rode to Thaler's house on Boston Road. He was a school friend who left school and got a job. He was not home when we went to his father's stationary store on 3rd avenue. He soon came home from work. We were glad to see each other because we had been separate for about 3 months.

I fixed my skates in his store. Later Abie and I left him and went to my annex on 3rd Ave and 157 Street.

When we got home I gave Frieda ride and the Turers rides on my skates.

At 9PM we went to the bridge on 125th street. On the way back we found a test tube, a jig saw puzzle and a horn. We had a lot of fun with the horn.

I went to sleep at 11:30.

### Thursday, October 5, 1933

Today I stayed home because it was raining. I played my harmonica and the jigsaw puzzle and horn which I found yesterday. I also ate plenty of cake and did some homework, then fixed my skates. Finally I wrote post cards at the post office to club members.

It was a cold day. Hy, Abie and I went skating at night. We rode to the bridge and went whizzing down to 125 street. Boy! What speed!! What fun!!! We enjoyed it even more because it was cold and skating kept us warm.

### Friday, October 6, 1993

In the morning I went skating around 136th street. I stayed home in the afternoon and read part of "Beggars of Life" by Jim Tuly. Then I fixed my drawer. At night I went to the scouts and passed my 2nd class test. I had to read maps and construct knots.

### Saturday, October 7, 1933

At 10AM Abie and I went to the park to practice football with the scouts. Later Pa gave me a very good haircut. At 8:30 that night we had a party at Sylvia's house. Sylvia was a classmate of mine who ended up marrying my brother Hy. Sadly she died at age 22 during an operation for intestinal failure. Hy had tuberculosis and was only able to live with the help of therapy.

The party was partly was devoted to a meeting of our club. We had elections for officers. Sylvia was elected President and I was elected secretary. It was a cold day.

### Sunday, October 8, 1933

At 9 in the morning I went to the theatre free of charge. The Hebrews were sponsoring the picture. We saw a cartoon, "When a fellow needs a friend" with Jackie Cooper, and a picture of ice skating and skiing in Los Angelos, "Snow Birds". They were fine pictures.

Later at 12:30 I went to the YMHA, a Hebrew school. Our club played basketball against another club. This was the first real basketball game I ever played. We lost almost without scoring.

At 4PM our club met again. I was made temporary secretary and later elected permanent secretary. Schwarz ran against me for the office of secretary.

### Monday, October 9, 1933

This was a usual school day. I went to get shoes after school, but didn't get there in time. I also sent postcards to the club members informing them of upcoming meetings.

### Tuesday, October 10, 1933

In school, I got a physical exam. All I needed were some fillings in my teeth.

### Wednesday, October 11, 1933

Today is the day before Columbus Day. It is 4:30PM and I have a lot of free time, so I am going to write in detail what usually happens on a school day.

At 6:45am Hy and I wake up. He tells me to go to sleep because we have until 7 o'clock. At 7am I hear someone call me and I already know it is Hy. Then he calls Frieda and Abie. I turn over in the bed, still feeling as if I can sleep forever. My eyes are half opened and my feet and hands refuse to move. I force myself up and take a bathrobe. Then I get out of bed and dress. I fill my fountain pen and sharpen my pencil's and pack my books. Then I wash myself in the kitchen and eat.

The radio is turned on. While we eat we hear the Organ Revelies. At 8AM Milty calls on me and we start for school. Today we studied part of Lincoln's Second Inagural Address.

While going to my room in school, I usually met Joseph Umansky, a heavy set young Jewish boy. His family often took me places in their car. Today we spoke about speech, homework and harmonicas. Then I went to room 204 to study some Spanish.

At 9am I would speed into room 211 to catch Miss Hildenbrand's class. Today we first rewrote Lincoln's speech and then we recited it. When I was called up, I was nervous from the start. For a while I couldn't remember anything. But finally I finished it. The teacher said I shouldn't twist the speech.

At 9:45am I would go to room 208 to attend Mr. Stark's book keeping class. Today I met Milty in the book keeping room and I warned him about English. He wanted my jacket so I took his lumber jacket. In book keeping class today Scott sat next to me and we learned some new material. Weiser told me later that he argued with the teacher because he made up his own words for the speech and made it all wrong.

My Spanish class began at 10:20. The instructor was Mrs. Kups. Today we corrected yesterday's test. I scored 79%. As usual, we had a test then went over the homework.

We had club period. My club is called the "Young Orator's Club." Today we held elections. Scott and Kolchinsky were in the club. We gave some speeches. They both spoke and we had a lot of fun.

Our lunch period works as follows. Half of the school goes to lunch while the other half are in their classes. After eating I would usually go out in the yard and play ball.

At 12:30 I would have history class with Mr. Bunis in room 203. Today we got our homework assignments and had a test. I did OK. Then we went over past homework. Then at 11:15 I had Mr. Becker's class in room 103. Scott asked me to go to work for him on Saturday because he has to go away with his mother. He offered me money, but I refused.

We had exercise in the yard, then played basketball, "5,3,1."

Next my stenography class met at 2:10PM in room 206. Mrs. Halpern was the instructed. Fortunately she gave us no homework over the forthcoming holidays. We had dictation all period and I got every letter she dictated. I worked at 60 to 75 words per minute.

The school day ends at 2:35PM. Today I met Scott, Robinson and Umansky and we walked home through Bergen Avenue. Scott and I went to see his boss for Saturday morning. Then Umansky and I went to get a harmonica in the Brook's music store. I left him on 141st and St. Ann's Avenue, then went home.

I ate dinner, then wrote this diary. Sophie just came home with news that there are very good rooms on Charlotte Street. I decided to not write my homework but to listen to her tell about all the rooms instead. I'll have to wait until tomorrow to find out if we take the rooms or not. I am anxious to move because we have lived in this neighborhood for about 7 years.

At night Sophie, Abie, Frieda, Eddie Borkant and I went skating on Alexander Avenue.

### Thursday, October 12, 1933

Today is Columbus Day. There is also a Jewish holiday on the same day. We rented the rooms on Charlotte Street. The address is 1505, Apt 2C. Pa went to see the rooms and said they were nice, but Sophie and Ma rented the rooms next door. Then when they got home Pa complained because he said that the other rooms had more sunlight. So Sophie and Pa went back and changed the rooms. In less then a week we will be moved into the new apartments.

(this was written Tuesday, Sept 24, 1933)

At night Seymour and my cousin Jackie Borkan were trying to run away from me in the park. Seymour ran around the candy store and I followed. Then he saw someone run past him without noticing him. He thought I was trying to play around with him so he chased the boy. The boy jumped over a rail and Seymour followed. Then over another rail. Seymor caught up with the boy and grabbed him. Someone else was chasing the boy also. But when Seymour stopped him he wanted to sock Seymour. All the time Jackie and I were laughing hard.

### Friday, October 13 (Jewish Holiday)

I stayed home and did some history. At 5PM Scott came over and told me I didn't have to work for him tomorrow. He spoke a while, then left.

At 7PM I went to the scouts meeting. We held the meeting in back of PSG because registration for election was on. Goldman lectured to us and said we were falling down in our standards.

### Saturday, October 14, 1933

I went to the park this morning to play football with the scouts. I also did some skating. At 3PM I did some homework and skated to the market with Hy. Later that evening I went to Joe's house to hold a club meeting.

### Sunday, October 15, 1933

I went to 136th Street and played the card game 7 1/2. I came out winning 5 cents which is good because I started with only 1 cent. Then I went to the Y and exercised in the gym, swam and wrote club minutes in the library at 4PM. At 7:30 we had a club meeting then later I did my homework. I found out that Regina was engaged to Jack.

### Monday, October 16, 1933

Today was a typical school day.

### Tuesday, October 17, 1933

Weiser moved to Brooker Avenue and 140th Street.

### Wednesday, October 18, 1933

We are approaching the day when we will move to Charlotte Street. I think it will be Friday. I called Scott and Robinson before going to school this morning. I urged Sctott to play basketball in PT period. He played well for the first time. After school, Scott and Robinson went home with me. In Stenography today the teacher dictated a story (written by Franklin) to us at 60 words a minute. I got every word.

### Thursday, October 19, 1933

Today is the day before we move. We are preparing for it. Tonight I finished my homework quickly in order that I may help pack up. It is exciting now and I'm in a hurry to help pack. I'll be back later.

Pa says I'll have to stay home from school tomorrow, but I hope I don't have to.

### Friday, October 20, 1933: MOVE DAY

I woke up at 6am and Pa told me I'd absolutely have to stay home and help move. At 7am the moving men came. They began taking our things into the truck. Abie could not go to school because his books were in the dresser in the truck. He stayed and helped pack. When all was done the moving men left.

# 1934

### Monday, January 1, 1934

I woke up at 12 noon. Hy and I went to 136th street at night. We stayed by the butcher stone.

### Tuesday, January 2, 1934

I had a typical day at school.

### Wednesday, January 3, 1934

Another typical day at school.

### Thursday, January 4, 1934

Everyday I play association during the lunch period.

### Friday, January 5, 1934

It rained a lot today. We had a party at home with the family at night.

### Saturday, January 6, 1934

I woke up at 10:30. The weather is getting warmer. It's 40 degrees out. I stayed home in the morning and did homework in the afternoon. At night Hy and I walked to 136th Street and saw the gang. We left at 11pm and rode home in the subway because it was raining. We got home at 11:15pm.

### Sunday, January 7, 1934

I went to the Y and to an organ recital, then attended a club meeting.

### Monday-Wednesday, January 8-10, 1934

School, as usual.

### Thursday, January 11, 1934

We had end terms in school. Then we had an Arista meeting. We expect to have a party with the Service League. That night Hy and I walked to Phil's house, then walked home with Mr. Annexstone, Phil, Snokie and Ma.

### Friday, January 12, 1934

Tonight we developed pictures.

### Saturday, January 13, 1934

I could not get into Monroe's Senior prom, but Hy was able to. I met Berny and had fun at his house.

### Sunday, January 14, 1934

Today is a very nice day. I went to the Y and swam in races. During the club meeting Scott was voted temporarily into the club. We will soon have a party. Eddie Cantor is very funny tonight.

### Monday, January 15, 1934

The school term is about to end. Regents week is next week. No regents for me. But next term I will have 4. Home news had a picture of Regina and Jack. I sent post cards to absent club members.

### Tuesday, January 16, 1934

I am failing speech, but our annex basketball team is undefeated so far. The championship game was played in the main building against the Brown Place Annex. There was a lot of fouling and crooked work during the game. Then there was a fight. We lost 11 to 8.

### Wednesday, January 17, 1934

I didn't really learn much in school or do much homework today.

### Thursday, January 18, 1934

Edith gave Ma a dress for her birthday. She is 52 years old tomorrow. Students are bringing the "Lower" (school magazine) to get signatures.

### Friday, January 19, 1934

My mother is 52 years old. I brought my album to school. Only Mr. Bunis gave us a lesson today. I went to Davenport Theater and saw "A Tale of Two Cities." Davenport acted as Sydney Carton. The gang was: Myself, Hy, Joe, Morris, Rose, Syl and Della.

### Saturday, January 20, 1934

In the morning Hy studied for his regents exam in the library. I went to Mandelbaum. He wasn't home. Hy and I saw him later and he gave us some radio stuff. Hy and I are interested in building a crystal or a 1 tube set.

### Sunday, January 21, 1934

I got Joe into the Y. Gym. Swim-races. Our club beat another team. At 3pm I listened to the organ recital, then went to the library. Later at 4 our club met. Scott was voted in. At 6:30 I got home. Al was here. Later Eddie Canton was very funny.

### Monday, January 22, 1934 REGENT'S WEEK

At 11am I walked to Scott's house. Then at 12:30 I saw Abie in his classroom. I visited Scott and we spoke about radios. He gave me a 3 tube radio which I could use to build the radio. He also gave me 9 big batteries and 2 single ones.

At 3pm I met Abie again and we went to 136. I saw Joe and Abie J, Bortans and Esther. We took all our things at Scott's house and rode home on the car.

### Tuesday, January 23, 1934

Today it rained a lot. Hy took the English Regents exam. He brought home some radio things he found. Joe came over and we walked in Crotons Ave and Lemont Avenue.

### Wednesday, January 24, 1934

Joe, Hy and I went to the Bronx Park to take pictures of the falls, river, bridge and Rocking Stone. We developed the pictures at about 6 o'clock. At 8pm I skated to Scott's house. He gave me some searchlight batteries and another radio.

### Thursday, January 25, 1934

Hy and I printed pictures until 2pm. We went to 136th Street at night. Sylvia Benes is graduate junior high school and so is Abie. Hy and Aaron Bendich are graduating high school.

### Friday, January 26, 1934

I woke up tired. Abie went to register at Monroe. Freddy Scott came over at 11am. We made a tuning coil. At 3pm Pa fixed my pants pockets. I'm writing this at 5:25pm.

### Saturday, January 27, 1934

I walked to 136th Street. Sylvia came last Wednesday. The gang played cards in Mark's house. I walked home with Sylvia.

### Sunday, January 28, 1934

Bella and Phil visited us. Y, etc.

### Monday, January 29, 1934

I had school all day. Abie is going to graduate tonight.

### Tuesday, January 30, 1934

Scott came over after school.

### Wednesday, January 31, 1934

Today is promotion day. Hy graduated at night. La Gualdin was at his graduation. The Arista and Service League had a party in school.

### Thursday, February 1, 1934

A new school term begins now. It snowed today. Weiner and I helped move books from the main building to the annex. We rode in Mr. Shillings car.

### Friday, February 2, 1934

I went to halts house and to 136th Street after school. Scott sold me a tube.

### Saturday, February 3, 1934

I made part of the Kacked.

### Sunday, February 4, 1934

Y. Did not go to swim, or gym. I must have stayed home to eat dinner. After the club meeting, we had a party in the scout room. Then I went to Sylvia's house.

### Monday, February 5, 1934

Weiser nominated me for a class office in school and I was elected.

### Saturday, February 10, 1934

Eddie came over this morning. We went to 136th street. We were up Weisel's house.

### Sunday, February 11, 1934

Y. Etc. At night, Joe, Hy and I went to the coliseum by Starlight Park. We sat on the platform and shook hands with Robert Minor who was running for mayor.

### Monday, February 12, 1934: LINCOLN'S BIRTHDAY

We went to 136th street at night.

### Tuesday, February 13, 1934

I decided to start a camera club at school.

### Wednesday, February 14, 1934

I began to get members for the camera club.

### Thursday, February 15, 1934

I got more members.

### Friday, February 16, 1934

During the night the whole gang was at 136th street. This was a reunion of the gang.

### Saturday, February 17, 1934

I went to see Joe rehearse "Strike Me Red", but they didn't rehearse. I went at night with Sophie and Edith to see the "Voice of Experience."

Y. Etc.

I have a cold.

### Tuesday, February 20, 1934

Today it snowed very deeply. My spanish teacher, my history teacher and a large number of students were all absent from school. Mr. Familon was in care of my spanish class. There were only 7 students present and we had a lot of fun.

### Wednesday, February 21, 1934

Esther moved here.

### Thursday, February 22, 1934: GEORGE WASHINGTON's BIRTHDAY

I made pictures today.

### Friday, February 23, 1934

I was involved in boxing bouts after school.

### Saturday, February 24, 1934

We took pictures and developed them.

### Sunday, February 25, 1934

It snowed today. I ran 110 yards in 14 4/5 seconds. Jack and Regina stayed here all night. We told fortunes.

### Monday, February 26, 1934

Today was very snowy.

### Tuesday, February 27, 1934

Todays weather was much nice.

### Wednesday, February 28, 1934

The weather today was even nicer and warmer.

### Thursday, March 1, 1934

I went to the Y to practice for harmonica entertainment.

### Friday, March 2, 1934

Mr. Elkan made a speech to the boys of the school on their behavior.

### Saturday, March 3, 1934

The Purum Bazar was in Buttenweiser Hall. Hy and I played our harmonicas and Joe sang "Jimmy Had a Nickel." Rosensky played his violin. Rose and Sylvia were there.

Y. Swim, Races.

### Monday, March 5, 1934

It was 70 degrees out. I made a speech. There were elections in school. Rothstein beat Linden.

### Friday, March 9, 1934

Abie's 14 years old today. I spoke on photography at the Young Orators Club.

### Saturday, March 10, 1934

I heard the orphan asylum program at home and visited Sylvia's at night.

### Sunday, March 11, 1934

During the club's meeting I acted as president because the president and vice president were absent. Karpen was elected president later because a letter from J, Aron said he resigned from the club. I later gave a talk to the club on photography.

### Thursday, March 15, 1934

Edith is 21 years old. School elections were held today.

### Friday, March 16, 1934

During the study period Scott and I talked things over.

### Saturday, March 17, 1934 ST. PATRICK'S DAY

Abie, Hy, Joe and I went to the Museums. First we visited the Musuem of Art, the American Wing, etc. I took a picture of Joe, then of Abie, Hy and I by the Obelisk in Central Park. We walked through the park to the Museum of Natural History. In the park we took a crazy picture by the lake of Joe, Abie and I. In the museum we saw the plane that took the Lindenbergs around the world. We also saw their supplies.

Later, Wex met Karpen, Lichy and Rosvsky. I stayed with them while Abie, Hy and Joe went home. They took a picture of the parade. We walked through the museum in the park by the mall. Then to 42nd Street where we went home by subway.

### Sunday, March 18, 1934

The club tried to impeach Harry Schwartz as Vice President. But we failed because he was really President since Aron resigned. We took a picture before the club meeting. Ive joined the club.

### Thursday, March 22, 1934

I made a speech at school. It was by Mark Twain. Today is the second day of spring. I was one of 3 who got 100% in the BIS test.

### Friday, March 23, 1934

Mrs. Schoof interviewed me.

### Saturday, March 24, 1934

Today is cloudy and snowy. I saw Henry. Hy went to the May Fair Theatre.

### Sunday, March 25, 1934

I read "Edison". Bendub's Birthday. Went to 136. Sylvia's house. Didn't go to the Y. No meeting.

### Tuesday, March 27, 1934

I played very well in baseball, then went skating at night.

### Wednesday, March 28, 1934

It rained today. This morning Mrs. Schoof told us about the New York Times job. I read "Life of Edison".

### Thursday, March 29, 1934

I attended the Young Orators Club meeting. I spoke on Edison's life. Then I went to the Times building where I got the job selling the Times in school. I read some more of Edison's Life.

### Friday, March 30, 1934 GOOD FRIDAY

Because today is Good Friday there is no school. Joe came over and we played ball, then I went to 136 st.

I made pictures.

### Sunday, April 1, 1934 EASTER

I went to 136 st. At Joe's house we took a picture. The gang got together.

### Tuesday, April 3, 1934

I went down to 136 St. Scott, Borkans, Weisers, etc. were there.

### Wednesday, April 4, 1934

I was home today. We developed pictures.

### Thursday, April 5, 1934

I printed pictures.

Stenotyped.

### Sat, April 7, 1934

I went to 136 st.

Y. Swim. Gym.

### Monday, April 9, 1934

I got an order for the Times in school for the first time. I sent in the order Tuesday, April 10 and got the paper by a newspaper stand on 156st and 4rd avenue on Wednesday April 11. I am building my route in school by speaking to classes and having teachers do it for me. Mrs. Schoof, official and history teacher got me 22 customers.

### Friday, April 13, 1934

I went to pay for papers at the times.

### Saturday, April 14, 1934

I received my pay by check in this morning's mail.

### Sunday, April 15, 1934

Abie and I were walking in the park and we saw a group of men who must have been discussing politics or business. So I said to Abie -- "crap game." The men seemed to be in the position of playing that game. Hy and I went this morning to see Wade where he fixes stoves on his boat. Tonight Eddie Cantor entertained on the radio for the last time this year.

Sometimes during this or last month the following things happened:

4 children were killed by their father while the mother was out of the house. It happened on 137 Brook Avenue.

There were several fires that burned some old tenement buildings in Manhatten on 99 street.

I found out that Max Gross had died. He had heart trouble for many years and he once told me that a doctor said he would not live more than 25 to 30 years. He was about 16 years old then. I have known him since 1926 or 1927. He used to go to the country because of his ill health.

### Monday, April 16, 1934

It rained today. I sold the Times in school.

### Tuesday, April 17, 1934

I called up the Times. Wade called at night . I showed him our radio set and photography pictures.

### Thursday, April 19, 1934

I took stenotype in school. That is, we take dictation and type the notes. We didn't have a 3rd period (English), but instead we had the 5th period because we were going to have a school spirit assembly at the main building.

### Friday, April 20, 1934

After school I went to the Times building to pay the bill. I bought Hy some things at Willoburys Photography Store. We listened to the Communist speech here at night.

### Saturday, April 21, 1934

I was home in the morning. I did my homework and fixed things. Hy and I went down 136th Street. We found out that Paul's mother had died.

### Sunday, April 22, 1934

Y. Played handball on the roof.

### Wednesday, April 25, 1934

I watched my annex play Monrow. We won.

### Friday, April 27, 1934

I received my report card today:

CourseGrade
Spanish 70
Bookkeeping85
Speech73
History65
Stenography70
Average72 3/5

### Saturday, April 28, 1934

Early in the morning at about 7am, Hy and I started to go on a hike to Jennafly. At the Dykman St. Ferry we waited until Rosevsky, Karpen and Litchy came. We played basketball on the road in Lampfly in the afternoon. When we ate we had plenty of food. Litchy forgot the can opener and we had to open a can with a fork. We built a fire. At the end of the day we crossed the Washington Bridge. We had a swell time!!!

### Sunday, April 29, 1934

Weiser and Trystman and their band played with harmonicas on WBNX.

### Wednesday, May 2, 1934

Hy developed and printed pictures.

### Friday, May 4, 1934

Woadin died at the age of 65 years. I found out that the curtain in the Davenport theatre burned. After I went to the Times Building, I met Sophie at Reliables.

### Saturday, May 5, 1934

Today was nice. I went to 136th Street. On the way Scott told me about a job in a glazier's store.

### Sunday, May 6, 1934

I saw Weiser's band. Hy and I went to Wade's. The temperature was up to 86 degrees.

### Monday, May 7, 1934

I sold 25 Times newspapers. I got the job Scott was telling me about. It is a glass store and a window shade store. Mr. Mihensky's store i on Bergen avenue and 147th Street. I went to Junior League.

### Thursday, May 10, 1934

I am 16 years and 6 months old today. At the assembly in the main building we had a Service League assembly. We feared the First Lady of Morris. Scott was 6th best Annexite.

### Friday, May 11, 1934

The Stenography class went back to Room 204 and we do not type our notes anymore. I was excused from school to go to pay the bill at the Times Building. I went to work as usual at the glass store. Hy came to the store and told me that Morris sent him a post card stating that he should see him immediately. When Hy came back, he told me that Joe ran away from home.

### Saturday, May 12, 1934

I found out that Joe was in St. Louis. I earned $2 pay. I now have$7 saved up.

### Sunday, May 13, 1934

Tennafly again. There was Hy, Morris, myself, Rose, Sylvia S and Sylvia B. We camped at the same spot that Hy and I had camped at two weeks ago. We built a fire. On a tree near by it said that a fire cannot be made without permission. We had a good time.

### Wednesday, May 16, 1934

We had a Spanish mid term examination.

### Thursday, May 17, 1934

Today I had a stenography and history test. Henry Manus took me home on his bike. I wrote my diary at the store.

### Thursday, June 21, 1934

Bookkeeping regents.

### Friday, June 22, 1934

Joe, Hy and I went to the Metro for 25 cents each. We went swimming and did tricks on the canvas. We then ate. We visited Wade and asked him about going out on Sunday.

### Saturday, June 23, 1934

Jack Barkan came to Longfellow Avenue.

### Sunday, June 24, 1934

We went on a Canoe ride with Wade and Hy to Ferris point. We went to Wade expecting to go out in his motor boat. But it didn't start. We ate on his father's boat. The canoe was picked up by one of the boat owners.

We dressed ourselves in our bathing suits. Each one had an oar and we rode along nicely. We passed Castlehill Pool. At ferris point we stopped after we had almost tipped the canoe over.

### Monday, June 25, 1934

The results of my regent's exams came back. My scores were as follows: Stenography: 87, Spanish: 82, Bookkeeping: 73, History: 44. I went to 136th Street and saw Milty about a chromat but didn't buy anything from him.

### Wednesday, June 27, 1934

I stayed absent from school because there was nothing happening.

### Thursday, June 28, 1934

Scott moved to 476 Willis Avenue. I received my report card.

### Friday, June 29, 1934

I went to the main building. My teacher is Mr. Glasser. I walked home with Abie and Jackie. Peggy and Co were there.

### Sunday, July 1, 1934

Hy, Abie and I went to Tibbett's Brook Park. We hiked for about an hour. Then we did tricks on the athletic field. We wore our shorts. Later we sat by the pool and watched the people diving. I was encouraged to buy a pool ticket to the metro.

### Sunday, July 15, 1934

I went to the pool, then to the metro from 12 until 7:30pm. We went swimming in Phil's bathing suit. I got a duplicate pass. I had to run home in the rain.

### Monday, July 16, 1934

I was at the Metro from 11:45 until 2 pm. Then I went straight to work. Harlem. Metro 7:30-9pm alone.

### Saturday, September 8, 1934 MORRO CASTLE DISASTER

It rained terribly today. The Morro castle, a passenger ship, burned near Ashbury Park, New Jersey.

### Sunday, September 9, 1934

Hy worked for the Haferlings.

### Tuesday, September 11, 1934

We printed 60 pictures. Then took pictures for Irv. Borkan on Sunday and made them today.

### Wednesday, September 12, 1934

School. Visited the annex also.

### Friday, September 14, 1934

Saw treasure island at Loew's Fairmount.

### Sunday, September 16, 1934

Carlyle club meeting for the first time this season.

### Thursday, September 20, 1934

The Lindy Kidnapper was found! Hauplmann.

### Saturday, September 22, 1934

I rejoined the Y. Hy also did.

### Sunday, September 23, 1934

Pa turned 52 today.

### Tuesday, September 25, 1934

Saw "Julius Ceaser" in the Park.

### Friday, September 28, 1934

Got health examination in school. Went to Mr. Comles Dam Park Almo. Morrie, Hy and I visited Joe in the hospital. Hy and I saw Karpen and Litchy later.

### Saturday, September 29, 1934

It rained today and Pa is sick. The doctor was here. Hy and I got exam in the Y.

### Saturday, March 30, 1935

Pa was paying $32 instead of$35 for rent for several months. We got a a disyiosses on September 27. Ma went to court on October 2 with Phil. They saw the place of the cemetery where the Lindy ransom was paid. We must move by October 9. I wonder if we will. Sophie doesn't want to move.

### Tuesday, October 2, 1934

Jewish Holiday today and yesterday (no school). Went to take back the old job of giving out circulars. But Arthur (our boss) said he'll write me a postcard when he needs me.

### Wednesday, October 3, 1934

Edith gave me a pass to the Boston Road Theater. I saw "Upper World" with Ginger Rogers and Warren Williams. Then I saw "Shoot the Works" with Jack Jackie and Ben Bernie.

### Thursday, October 4, 1934

Sophie, Ma and I went looking for rooms on Jennings Street, etc. The world series games were this week.

### Sunday, October 7, 1934

The weather is very nice today. There was a party at the Y with the club. It was a big expense and we didn't enjoy it.

### Tuesday, October 9, 1934

We rented the rooms.

### Thursday, October 11, 1934

We went to the Annex in the afternoon. Yesterday I read part of Abie's book named "Criminology." It's interesting.

### Saturday, October 13, 1934

I skated to the Borkans and Abie took the bus. I arrived ten minutes before he did. Pa bought me a pair of shoes on 138th Street and he later went with Abie to get him glasses. Abie got a sweater tonight in the market. Rose, Sylvia and Joe walked here at night.

### Sunday, October 14, 1934

I visited Sylvia at night after the Y.

### Friday, October 19, 1934

I went home after 4th period at 11am. We have lived here 1 year. I am reading the "Conneticut Yankee" for school.

### Saturday, October 20, 1934

Ralph, Dora's son and my cousin, is one year old today. I played basketball in a schoolyard near Koryia's house. I bought sneakers at night.

### Thursday, October 25, 1934

The Students Forum Club in school had speakers talk on their own party's policies. There was a Socialist, a democrat, and a communist. The communist was a colored lady who is running for lieutenant governor. The students later attacked the representative with political questions.

### Thursday, November 1, 1934

Regina had a baby boy. I found out about this at 12:40pm when I got home from school. It rained in the morning and the sun came out in the afternoon. It was a cold day.

I worked at Regina's store on Westchester Avenue. The customers were surprised about Regina and they congratulated Mr. Haferling. I worked until from 1:30pm until 6pm and earned 50 cents. On thursday, November 8, they had the Bris. I worked after school from 12 noon until 4:30pm and got 50 cents. A lady was in the store to help me.

### Monday, November 5, 1934

The temperature is around 60 degrees. The grocery union boycotted our grocer, Mr. Stolnick. Men made speeches from an automobile and they razed Mr. Stolnick. I found this out when I went to buy a box of crackers.

### Tuesday, November 6, 1934 ELECTION DAY

Hy and I walked to 136th Street. There was a fire on the gutter near 520 on 136th Street. Lehman was reelected governor. Mostly democrats were elected governor in the country.

### Friday, November 9, 1934

I walked with Sophie through Crotone Park and to Clairmont Park.

### Saturday, November 10, 1934

I am 17 years old. I worked for the Haferlings. Sophie, Hy and I saw "Strike Me Red." Joe is in the play.

### Tuesday, November 13, 1934

Sophie treated me to the Paradise Theater. We saw Eddy Cantor and Rubinoff and "British Agent" with Leslie Howard.

### Wednesday, November 14, 1934

I worked at Abie Haferling's store.

### Friday, November 16, 1934

I went to the practice dance in school. I went with Hy and Abie to the Cresent theater (now the Tower) and saw Harold Loyd in "The Cat's Paw" and "Blondie."

### Sunday, November 26, 1934

It is getting cooler. The high temperature was 45 degrees. Today Eddy Cantor was on the air for the last time this year. He will go to Europe.

### Saturday, December 1, 1934

I studied economics with George Umansky a friend in school, who lives on Jennings Street.

### Friday, February 22, 1935 WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY

After work I saw Jack Borker, then went to 136th Street.

### Monday, February 25, 1935 DOROTHY BORN AT 8PM

(Voice from future: Dotty is 50 years old today -- February 25, 1985, Nat Maurer)

Max came to our house and told us I became an uncle. Ma + Pa = Grandparents.

### Friday, March 8, 1935

Edith, Molly and i went to Phil's house. We saw Dorothy and Percy Glashow (Teddy). Willy Kloster and wife were there too. It is almost 9 years since I saw Percy last. How he has changed and can he dance!!!

### Saturday, March 9, 1935

Abie is 15 years old today. I went to White Studios on 5th Avenue between 43rd and 44th to take graduation pictures. I had to wait about 2 hours. I went with Edward Scott.

### Friday, March 15, 1935

Edith is 22 years old.

### Wednesday, March 20, 1935

Joe moved to 594 St. Mary's Street.

### Thursday, March 21, 1935

Scott moved to 3505 Rochambean Avenue.

### Sunday, March 31, 1935

Buttenweiser Entertainment Hall.

### Monday, March 18, 1935

Hy got a job at Betty's Box Lunch near Wall Street. He delivers lunches.

### Wednesday, March 27, 1935

George Umansky started to work at Scott's place for Mr. Lubin on 147th Street.

### Friday, March 8, 1935

Senior Dance. It was OK.

### Friday, March 29, 1935

Senior Dance. Danced a lot. Had a good time.

### Tuesday, March 26, 1935

Alumni meeting at annex. Weiser entertainment annex harmonica band played songs. Heard songs. All the teachers were there. Tea and crackers were served, but Weiser and I had to go to work.

### Thursday, April 4, 1935

I saw Joe after about a month. He lost his job at a grocery. Morris lost his job at Gittleman's. Hy called me up at the store and told me to tell Joe about a job at his place. Joe got the job on Friday.

### Sunday, April 7, 1935 TENAFLY

I was very cloudy and cold when Hy and I left the house to meet the members of the Carlyle club at the Dykman St. Ferry. We didn't expect to see anyone. We met Geo. Yisersky on the train at Dykman Street. We met Litchy, Rosovsky and Rothstein. The ferry was not sunning, so we hike two miles to the Washington Memorial Bridge. The charge is now 5 cents instead of 10 cents to cross it. On the bridge we found the bench on which we carved our initials last April 28th.

Although it was cold, we amused ourselves making fun of each other. Especially of Litchy (and myself). Arriving on the New Jersey side, we hiked four miles to Tennafly where we camped at the same spot last year. It was warm in the afternoon. But, we made a fire to fry potatoes and to bake some beans.

Hy snapped two pictures of us around the fire. I snapped one from the top of a tree, and I snapped a picture of Hy while he was on the top of the tree. About 4 o'clock we started home.

### STRIKE AGAINST WAR

These are the two main features of the day. Many seniors went around with red something or other to indicate that they are seniors.

It rained and was 40 degrees. There is a movement in the country to strike against war. There were demonstrations in many schools all over the country. After the fourth period students walked out of school and paraded around. Then they made speeches on 166th Street and Boston Road. I joined in after the fifth period.

### Wednesday, June 26, 1935

This is the day I have long been waiting for. Graduation!

### Thursday, June 27, 1935

Sophie took me on a boat ride to Bear Mountain as a present. It was a nice day until showers came down while sailing home.

### Wednesday, July 3, 1935

I began working steadily at BB from now until January 16, 1936 (Thur.)

### Sunday, July 21, 1935

Hy, morris, Sylvia, Rose, Edith Sussman, and I went rowing at Pelham Bay. It was a nice day.

### Sunday, July 28, 1935

Again we went out. This time bathing at Cancey Island. I got sunburned. We once in a while went on the roof gym of Stauch's Baths. In the evening Edith and I walk around Coney Island. The rest of the gang went to Sylvia's house.

### June: Sat 22

Slept 13 hours; Thur 20, painted house; Mon 24, Got sweater. Hy got tennis rachet.

### July: Sat 6

Joe B at Pool; Sat 20, Frieda at Pool; Mon 8, Swam 25 yards in 15 seconds; Frid 19, Swam pool 4 times; Mon 29, Swam pool 10 times.

### Monday, August 5, 1935

I went to Louis Leplitsky's house at night. We saw Weiser, Fisher, Meyer and met mury millrod.

### Saturday, August 17, 1935

Water Derby at CHBY. Final events for Juniors. At night I saw "She Stops to Conquer" in St. Mary's Park.

### Saturday, August 24, 1935

Water Derby at CHBY again. This time there were final events for seniors. Very cool day.

### Saturday, August 31, 1935

Did not work today. I took a one-day vacation and I went to CABP.

### Thursday, August 22, 1935

Hy bought a camera.

### September, 1935

3-6 Very busy at B Box Lunch. No pool.

7. Frank Ludwig's last day at work because school term was soon beginnning.

9-13. Joe Bruns, Hy and I were the only workers at B.B.L.

11. Wed. Registered at night school.

14. Sat. Went to club andros meeting.

15. Sun. Spent the day at Casile Hill BP. It was our last day. Weather was cool but nice. Brad Channel beat CHBP in all athletics.

21. Sat. Enjoyed myself with the club.

23. Mon. Kostik began working at BB. Also a fellow called Angelo.

28. Club Andros. Rosh Hashonah. Worked.

29. Turned our bed around. With Umansky all day.

### October, 1935

1. Tues. Had my first tooth extraction. It did not hurt. But was very uncomfortable afterwards so I missed night school and went to movies.

12. Sat. Hy bought a cat.

14-15. Went looking for a job at agencies, before work.

27. Sun. Saw at Y, "Lilium" a motion picture with French talking.

### November, 1935

2. Sat. Civil service test.

9. Sat. Bought coat, hat and underwear.

10. Sun. Birthday, 18 years old. Went to 136th street. Hadn't been there for about 2 months.

13. Wed. Hy Lubousky is 18 years old. Brought 69 cent satchel. Tax was 2 cents.

19. Tues. Bert began work at B Box Lunch.

20. Wed. Completed filing my teeth at Bronx Hospital.

22. Fri. Deutsch Died.

28. Thurs. Thanksgiving day. Rained all day. Went to Jack Borkan's Party. (Akila Club)

30. Sat. Went to Ann Badens Birthday Party (17 years old). On the way home a wild crowd in a car almost hit Jake Hirshstein, me and a girl Ann. Hy Lubousky got a job as a stenographer.

### December, 1935

5. Thur. Kostik's foot was hurting him, so he took a vacation from work until Wednesday December 18th.

6. Fri. Morris Bengis got a job at BBL. Until Le quit with Joe Bruno on Thursday, February 20, 1936.

7. Sat. Pa's club held a ball. It was a swell place. I got a sore throat. Resulting in a cold that last for about 2 weeks.

14. Sat. Bell Weiser had a party. Hy and I were there.

16. Mon. Albert and John were new fellows at work for \$3 a week plus tips.

21. Sat. Club Andros Party.

22. Sun. Intermediate League Chaskah Party.

31. Tues. Club Andros New Year's party. I stayed late at work.