Now it is time for you to formulate your own Research Question and refine it using current literature. This will guide your focus for the rest of the semester. In this assignment you will
The specific details for each step are described below. You will write the assignment in a Rmd file which you will share with your partner.
rq_donatello_aguilar.Rmd. One of you will make the file and share it with the other.
This assignment will be subject to peer review, but with no revision period. After the due date, there will be an email which will send out a Peer review assignment sheet for your assignment(s). It will also include a page for instructions on how to provide a review.
What specifically to look for:
Thoroughly review the codebook for your dataset of choice and make note of topics that interest you. Use this as a brainstorming session and identify as much as you can. Write a statement similar to the one below regarding what topic(s) you are interested in. You should also explain WHY you are interested in your topic.
Example: After looking through the codebook for the U.S. Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health study database, I have decided that I am particularly interested in nicotine dependence. I am not sure which variables I will use regarding nicotine dependence (e.g. symptoms or diagnosis) so for now I will include all of the relevant variables in my personal codebook. While nicotine dependence is a good starting point, I need to determine what it is about nicotine dependence that I am interested in. It strikes me that friends and acquaintances that I have known through the years that became hooked on cigarettes did so across very different periods of time. Some seemed to be dependent soon after their first few experiences with smoking and others after many years of generally irregular smoking behavior. I decided that I am most interested in exploring the association between level of smoking and nicotine dependence. Below I have added to my codebook variables reflecting smoking levels (e.g. smoking quantity and frequency). If my topic is too vague, I would like to bring suicide in. I would be interested to see if there is any relationship between level of smoking with nicotine dependence and suicide.
Create your personal codebook. You will create a trimmed down version of the codebook to help you not get overwhelmed with the larger pool of available questions.
Example Codebook screenshots
Now that you have a few topics and picked out variables for each topic, what questions are you interested in trying to answer about your topics? One of the simplest research questions that can be asked is whether two constructs are associated. You will write 2-3 questions, and then refine based off information you learn from conducting a literature review (next part of this assignment).
Your research questions should be written as
a) Does smoking quantity relate to nicotine dependence?
b) Is there a relationship between smoking frequency and suicide?
c) Does a smoker have more suicidal behaviors than a non-smoker?
Post the research question of most interest to you on the research qustion group page.
To refine your research question you need to know what has been studied in recent years. Before you start this assignment be sure to have read the article on "how to read a journal article", and the lecture notes on "how to conduct a literature review". This assignment will help you identify gaps in the current literature regarding your research topic, and refine your research question and set of potential variables substantially.
You need at least 3 primary source references that are directly related to your topic that were published in 2008 or more recent.
For each article, you will complete steps 1-3, in other words 3 times. There is an example at the bottom of this document.
Read an article, type up a brief summary (a few sentences) of what you learned about your topic from introduction/lit review and the discussion. This summary should convey the main themes and findings overall for the literature review and discussion in your own words.
Then explain how the article is going to help you with writing up your project. This is an explanation of what the article contributes to your project, not a restating of the summary. For example, is it going to help explain one or both of your topics, does it explain a key theory, what argument does it help you build for your project?
My research question is: Is self-efficacy associated with parent relations and academic performance?
Weiser, D. A., & Riggio, H. R. (2010). Family background and academic achievement: Does self-efficacy mediate outcomes? Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 13(3), 367-383.
Turner, E. A., Chandler, M., & Heffer, R. W. (2009). The influence of parenting styles, achievement motivation, and self-efficacy on academic performance in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 50(3), 337-346.
Junttila, N., Vauras, M., & Laakkonen, E. (2007). The role of parenting self-efficacy in children's social and academic behavior. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 22(1), 41-61.
Based on your literature review some of your draft questions may already be answered, or you noticed that your question is a still too vague. Now is the time to refine this question. Here are some example revisions.
a) Does the number of cigarettes smoked in the past month relate to nicotine dependence in college-aged adults in the United States? b) Is there a relationship between smoking frequency and suicide? Is this relationship the same in males and females?
When to let learners struggle.pdf which is in the
The conclusion (in one short sentence) is...
The three conditions for creating an environment for students to learn are...
The conclusion of this article (does not) surprises me because...
I (dis)agree with the article because...
Deliberate-Practice.md which is in the
Do you perform deliberate practice in any part of your life? If so, what is it about that part of you life that allows you to do so?
Do you perform deliberate practice in your learning? For all your classes? For some? If so which ones? If not at all, why?
What do you need from your teachers, your family/friends, and yourself to engage in deliberate practice?